CompTIA SY0-501 ExamCompTIA Security+

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Q11. Which of the following implements two-factor authentication?

A. A phone system requiring a PIN to make a call

B. At ATM requiring a credit card and PIN

C. A computer requiring username and password

D. A datacenter mantrap requiring fingerprint and iris scan

Answer: B


Q12. A penetration tester is crawling a target website that is available to the public. Which of the following represents the actions the penetration tester is performing?

A. URL hijacking

B. Reconnaissance

C. White box testing

D. Escalation of privilege

Answer: A


Q13. A company has three divisions, each with its own networks and services. The company decides to make its secure web portal accessible to all employees utilizing their existing usernames and passwords. The security administrator has elected to use SAML to support authentication. In this scenario, which of the following will occur when users try to authenticate to the portal? (Select two.)

A. The portal will function as a service provider and request an authentication assertion.

B. The portal will function as an identity provider and issue an authentication assertion.

C. The portal will request an authentication ticket from each network that is transitively trusted.

D. The back-end networks will function as an identity provider and issue an authentication assertion.

E. The back-end networks will request authentication tickets from the portal, which will act as the third-party service provider authentication store.

F. The back-end networks will verify the assertion token issued by the portal functioning as the identity provider.

Answer: A,B


Q14. Users report the following message appears when browsing to the company’s secure site: This website cannot be trusted. Which of the following actions should a security analyst take to resolve these messages? (Select two.)

A. Verify the certificate has not expired on the server.

B. Ensure the certificate has a .pfx extension on the server.

C. Update the root certificate into the client computer certificate store.

D. Install the updated private key on the web server.

E. Have users clear their browsing history and relaunch the session.

Answer: A,C


Q15. HOTSPOT

Select the appropriate attack from each drop down list to label the corresponding illustrated attack

Instructions: Attacks may only be used once, and will disappear from drop down list if selected.

When you have completed the simulation, please select the Done button to submit.

Answer:

Explanation:

1: Spear phishing is an e-mail spoofing fraud attempt that targets a specific organization, seeking unauthorized access to confidential data. As with the e-mail messages used in

regular phishing expeditions, spear phishing messages appear to come from a trusted source. Phishing messages usually appear to come from a large and well-known company or Web site with a broad membership base, such as eBay or PayPal. In the case of spear phishing, however, the apparent source of the e-mail is likely to be an individual within the recipient's own company and generally someone in a position of authority.

2: The Hoax in this question is designed to make people believe that the fake AV (anti- virus) software is genuine.

3: Vishing is the act of using the telephone in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft. The scammer usually pretends to be a legitimate business, and fools the victim into thinking he or she will profit.

4: Phishing is the act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.

Phishing email will direct the user to visit a website where they are asked to update personal information, such as a password, credit card, social security, or bank account numbers, that the legitimate organization already has. The website, however, is bogus and set up only to steal the information the user enters on the page.

5: Similar in nature to e-mail phishing, pharming seeks to obtain personal or private (usually financial related) information through domain spoofing. Rather than being spammed with malicious and mischievous e-mail requests for you to visit spoof Web sites which appear legitimate, pharming 'poisons' a DNS server by infusing false information into the DNS server, resulting in a user's request being redirected elsewhere. Your browser, however will show you are at the correct Web site, which makes pharming a bit more serious and more difficult to detect. Phishing attempts to scam people one at a time with an e-mail while pharming allows the scammers to target large groups of people at one time through domain spoofing.

References: http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/spear-phishing http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/V/vishing.html http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/phishing.html http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/pharming.html


Q16. When systems, hardware, or software are not supported by the original vendor, it is a vulnerability known as:

A. system sprawl

B. end-of-life systems

C. resource exhaustion

D. a default configuration

Answer: B


Q17. An attacker compromises a public CA and issues unauthorized X.509 certificates for Company.com. In the future, Company.com wants to mitigate the impact of similar incidents. Which of the following would assist Company.com with its goal?

A. Certificate pinning

B. Certificate stapling

C. Certificate chaining

D. Certificate with extended validation

Answer: A


Q18. A user suspects someone has been accessing a home network without permission by spoofing the MAC address of an authorized system. While attempting to determine if an authorized user is logged into the home network, the user reviews the wireless router, which shows the following table for systems that are currently on the home network.

Which of the following should be the NEXT step to determine if there is an unauthorized user on the network?

A. Apply MAC filtering and see if the router drops any of the systems.

B. Physically check each of the authorized systems to determine if they are logged onto the network.

C. Deny the “unknown” host because the hostname is not known and MAC filtering is not applied to this host.

D. Conduct a ping sweep of each of the authorized systems and see if an echo response is received.

Answer: C


Q19. A company is terminating an employee for misbehavior. Which of the following steps is MOST important in the process of disengagement from this employee?

A. Obtain a list of passwords used by the employee.

B. Generate a report on outstanding projects the employee handled.

C. Have the employee surrender company identification.

D. Have the employee sign an NDA before departing.

Answer: D


Q20. A security administrator is developing controls for creating audit trails and tracking if a PHI data breach is to occur. The administrator has been given the following requirements:

Which of the following should the administrator implement to meet the above requirements? (Select three.)

A. Eliminate shared accounts.

B. Create a standard naming convention for accounts.

C. Implement usage auditing and review.

D. Enable account lockout thresholds.

E. Copy logs in real time to a secured WORM drive.

F. Implement time-of-day restrictions.

G. Perform regular permission audits and reviews.

Answer: A,C,G


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