Cisco 300-135 ExamTSHOOT Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks

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Q11. - (Topic 1)

Which statement is true about an IPsec/GRE tunnel?

A. The GRE tunnel source and destination addresses are specified within the IPsec transform set.

B. An IPsec/GRE tunnel must use IPsec tunnel mode.

C. GRE encapsulation occurs before the IPsec encryption process.

D. Crypto map ACL is not needed to match which traffic will be protected.

Answer: C

Topic 2, Troubleshooting VTP 

7. - (Topic 2) 

A customer network engineer has made configuration changes that have resulted in some loss of connectivity. You have been called in to evaluate a switch network and suggest resolutions to the problems. 

PC2 in VLAN 200 is unable to ping the gateway address 172.16.200.1; identify the issue. 

A. VTP domain name mismatch on SW4 

B. VLAN 200 not configured on SW1 

C. VLAN 200 not configured on SW2 

D. VLAN 200 not configured on SW4 

Answer:

Explanation: 

By looking at the configuration for SW2, we see that it is missing VLAN 200, and the "switchport access vlan 200" command is missing under interface eth 0/0: 

\\\\psf\\Home\\.Trash\\Screen Shot 2014-10-18 at 9.56.12 PM.png 


Q12. - (Topic 12) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' that requires both Client 1 and Client 2 to access the WEB Server at 209.65.200.241. After several changes to the network addressing, routing scheme, DHCP services, NTP services, layer 2 connectivity, FHRP services, and device security, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that Client 1 cannot ping the 209.65.200.241 address. 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

What is the solution to the fault condition? 

A. In Configuration mode, using the interface range Fa 1/0/1 – 2, then no switchport port-security interface configuration commands. Then in exec mode clear errdisable interface fa 1/01 – 2 vlan 10 command 

B. In Configuration mode, using the interface range Fa 1/0/1 – 2, then no switchport port-security, followed by shutdown, no shutdown interface configuration commands. 

C. In Configuration mode, using the interface range Fa 1/0/1 – 2, then no switchport port-security interface configuration commands. 

D. In Configuration mode, using the interface range Fa 1/0/1 – 2, then no switchport port-security interface configuration commands. Then in exec mode clear errdisable interface fa 1/0/1, then clear errdisable interface fa 1/0/2 commands. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On ASW1, we need to remove port-security under interface fa1/0/1 & fa1/0/2. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/ABC389/ABC621/technologies_tech_note09186a00806c d87b.shtml 


Q13. - (Topic 18) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' that requires both Client 1 and Client 2 to access the WEB Server at 209.65.200.241. After several changes to the network addressing, routing schemes, DHCP services, NTP services, layer 2 connectivity, FHRP services, and device security, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that Client 1 cannot ping the 209.65.200.241 address. 

Use the supported commands to isolate the cause of this fault and answer the following question. 

The fault condition is related to which technology? 

A. NTP 

B. IP DHCP Server 

C. Ipv4 OSPF Routing 

D. Ipv4 EIGRP Routing. 

E. Ipv4 Route Redistribution. 

F. Ipv6 RIP Routing 

G. Ipv6 OSPF Routing 

H. Ipv4 and Ipv6 Interoperability 

I. Ipv4 layer 3 security. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On R4 the DHCP IP address is not allowed for network 10.2.1.0/24 which clearly shows the problem lies on R4 & the problem is with DHCP 

Topic 19, Ticket 14: IPv6 Routing Issue 1

Topology Overview (Actual Troubleshooting lab design is for below network design)

-Client Should have IP 10.2.1.3

-EIGRP 100 is running between switch DSW1 & DSW2

-OSPF (Process ID 1) is running between R1, R2, R3, R4

-Network of OSPF is redistributed in EIGRP

-BGP 65001 is configured on R1 with Webserver cloud AS 65002

-HSRP is running between DSW1 & DSW2 Switches

The company has created the test bed shown in the layer 2 and layer 3 topology exhibits.

This network consists of four routers, two layer 3 switches and two layer 2 switches.

In the IPv4 layer 3 topology, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are running OSPF with an OSPF process number 1.

DSW1, DSW2 and R4 are running EIGRP with an AS of 10. Redistribution is enabled where necessary.

R1 is running a BGP AS with a number of 65001. This AS has an eBGP connection to AS 65002 in the ISP's network. Because the company's address space is in the private range.

R1 is also providing NAT translations between the inside (10.1.0.0/16 & 10.2.0.0/16) networks and outside (209.65.0.0/24) network.

ASW1 and ASW2 are layer 2 switches.

NTP is enabled on all devices with 209.65.200.226 serving as the master clock source.

The client workstations receive their IP address and default gateway via R4's DHCP server.

The default gateway address of 10.2.1.254 is the IP address of HSRP group 10 which is running on DSW1 and DSW2.

In the IPv6 layer 3 topology R1, R2, and R3 are running OSPFv3 with an OSPF process number 6.

DSW1, DSW2 and R4 are running RIPng process name RIP_ZONE.

The two IPv6 routing domains, OSPF 6 and RIPng are connected via GRE tunnel running over the underlying IPv4 OSPF domain. Redistrution is enabled where necessary.

Recently the implementation group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' on several implementations. This involved changing the configuration on one or more of the devices.

You will be presented with a series of trouble tickets related to issues introduced during these configurations.

Note: Although trouble tickets have many similar fault indications, each ticket has its own issue and solution.

Each ticket has 3 sub questions that need to be answered & topology remains same.

Question-1 Fault is found on which device,

Question-2 Fault condition is related to,

Question-3 What exact problem is seen & what needs to be done for solution

===============================================================================


Q14. - (Topic 2) 

A customer network engineer has made configuration changes that have resulted in some loss of connectivity. You have been called in to evaluate a switch network and suggest resolutions to the problems. 

Which of statement is true regarding STP issue identified with switches in the given topology? 

A. Loopguard configured on the New_Switch places the ports in loop inconsistent state 

B. Rootguard configured on SW1 places the ports in root inconsistent state 

C. Bpduguard configured on the New_Switch places the access ports in error-disable 

D. Rootguard configured on SW2 places the ports in root inconsistent state 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On the new switch, we see that loopguard has been configured with the "spanning-tree guard loop" command. 

The loop guard feature makes additional checks. If BPDUs are not received on a non-designated port, and loop guard is enabled, that port is moved into the STP loop-inconsistent blocking state, instead of the listening / learning / forwarding state. Without the loop guard feature, the port assumes the designated port role. The port moves to the STP forwarding state and creates a loop. 


Q15. - (Topic 14) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' that requires both Client 1 and Client 2 to access the WEB Server at 209.65.200.241. After several changes to the network addressing, routing scheme, DHCP services, NTP services, layer 2 connectivity, FHRP services, and device security, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that Client 1 cannot ping the 209.65.200.241 address. 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

What is the solution to the fault condition? 

A. Disable auto summary on the EIGRP process 

B. Enable EIGRP on the FastEthernet0/0 and FastEthernet0/1 interface using the no passive-interface command. 

C. Change the AS number on the EIGRP routing process from 1 to 10 to much the AS number used on DSW1 and DSW2. 

D. Under the EIGRP process, delete the network 10.1.4.0 0.0.0.255 command and enter the network 10.1.4.4 0.0.0.252 and 10.1.4.8 0.0.0.252 commands. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On R4, IPV4 EIGRP Routing, need to change the EIGRP AS number from 1 to 10 since DSW1 & DSW2 is configured to be in EIGRP AS number 10. 


Q16. - (Topic 16) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept'. After several changes to the network addressing, routing schemes, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that the loopback address on R1 (2026::111:1) is not able to ping the loopback address on DSW2(2026::102:1). 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

On which device is the fault condition located? 

A. R1 

B. R2 

C. R3 

D. R4 

E. DSW1 

F. DSW2 

G. ASW1 

H. ASW2 

Answer:

Explanation: 

R2 is missing the needed IPV6 OSPF for interface s0/0/0.23 

Topic 17, Ticket 12 : HSRP Issue 

Topology Overview (Actual Troubleshooting lab design is for below network design) 

. Client Should have IP 10.2.1.3 

. EIGRP 100 is running between switch DSW1 & DSW2 

. OSPF (Process ID 1) is running between R1, R2, R3, R4 

. Network of OSPF is redistributed in EIGRP 

. BGP 65001 is configured on R1 with Webserver cloud AS 65002 

. HSRP is running between DSW1 & DSW2 Switches 

The company has created the test bed shown in the layer 2 and layer 3 topology exhibits. 

This network consists of four routers, two layer 3 switches and two layer 2 switches. 

In the IPv4 layer 3 topology, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are running OSPF with an OSPF process number 1. 

DSW1, DSW2 and R4 are running EIGRP with an AS of 10. Redistribution is enabled where necessary. 

R1 is running a BGP AS with a number of 65001. This AS has an eBGP connection to AS 65002 in the ISP's network. Because the company's address space is in the private range. 

R1 is also providing NAT translations between the inside (10.1.0.0/16 & 10.2.0.0/16) networks and outside (209.65.0.0/24) network. 

ASW1 and ASW2 are layer 2 switches. 

NTP is enabled on all devices with 209.65.200.226 serving as the master clock source. 

The client workstations receive their IP address and default gateway via R4's DHCP server. 

The default gateway address of 10.2.1.254 is the IP address of HSRP group 10 which is running on DSW1 and DSW2. 

In the IPv6 layer 3 topology R1, R2, and R3 are running OSPFv3 with an OSPF process number 6. 

DSW1, DSW2 and R4 are running RIPng process name RIP_ZONE. 

The two IPv6 routing domains, OSPF 6 and RIPng are connected via GRE tunnel running over the underlying IPv4 OSPF domain. Redistrution is enabled where necessary. 

Recently the implementation group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' on several implementations. This involved changing the configuration on one or more of the 

devices. You will be presented with a series of trouble tickets related to issues introduced during these configurations. 

Note: Although trouble tickets have many similar fault indications, each ticket has its own issue and solution. 

Each ticket has 3 sub questions that need to be answered & topology remains same. 

Question-1 Fault is found on which device, 

Question-2 Fault condition is related to, 

Question-3 What exact problem is seen & what needs to be done for solution 

Solution 

Steps need to follow as below:-

. Since the problem is raised that DSW1 will not become active router for HSRP group 10 

. we will check for the HSRP configuration… 

. From snapshot we see that the track command given needs to be changed under active VLAN10 router 

. Change Required: On DSW1, related to HSRP, under vlan 10 change the given track 1 command to instead use the track 10 command. 


Q17. - (Topic 9) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' that requires both Client 1 and Client 2 to access the WEB Server at 209.65.200.241. After several changes to the network addressing, routing schemes, DHCP services, NTP services, layer 2 connectivity, FHRP services, and device security, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that Client 1 cannot ping the 209.65.200.241 address. 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

On which device is the fault condition located? 

A. R1 

B. R2 

C. R3 

D. R4 

E. DSW1 

F. DSW2 

G. ASW1 

Answer:

Explanation: 

The BGP neighbor statement is wrong on R1. 


Q18. - (Topic 16) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept'. After several changes to the network addressing, routing schemes, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that the loopback address on R1 (2026::111:1) is not able to ping the loopback address on DSW2(2026::102:1). 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

What is the solution to fault condition? 

A. Under the interface Serial 0/0/0.23 configuration enter the ipv6 ospf 6 area 0 command. 

B. Under the interface Serial0/0/0.12 configuration enter the ipv6 ospf 6 area 12 command. 

C. Under ipv6 router ospf 6 configuration enter the network 2026::1:/122 area 0 command. 

D. Under ipv6 router ospf 6 configuration enter no passive-interface default command. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On R2, IPV6 OSPF routing, configuration is required to add ipv6 ospf 6 area 0 under interface serial 0/0/0.23 


Q19. - (Topic 21) 

The implementation group has been using the test bed to do an IPv6 'proof-of-concept1.

After several changes to the network addressing and routing schemes, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that the loopback address on R1 (2026::111:1) is not able to ping the loopback address on DSW2 (2026::102:1).

Use the supported commands to isolate the cause of this fault and answer the following question.

On which device is the fault condition located?

A. R1

B. R2

C. R3

D. R4

E. DSW1

F. DSW2

G. ASW1

H. ASW2

Answer: C

Explanation:

Start to troubleshoot this by pinging the loopback IPv6 address of DSW2 (2026::102:1). This can be pinged from DSW1, and R4, but not R3 or any other devices past that point. If we look at the routing table of R3, we see that there is no OSPF neighbor to R4:

This is due to mismatched tunnel modes between R3 and R4:

Problem is with R3, and to resolve the issue we should delete the "tunnel mode ipv6" under interface Tunnel 34.


Q20. - (Topic 11) 

The implementations group has been using the test bed to do a ‘proof-of-concept' that requires both Client 1 and Client 2 to access the WEB Server at 209.65.200.241. After several changes to the network addressing, routing scheme, DHCP services, NTP services, layer 2 connectivity, FHRP services, and device security, a trouble ticket has been opened indicating that Client 1 cannot ping the 209.65.200.241 address. 

Use the supported commands to isolated the cause of this fault and answer the following questions. 

The fault condition is related to which technology? 

A. BGP 

B. NTP 

C. IP NAT 

D. IPv4 OSPF Routing 

E. IPv4 OSPF Redistribution 

F. IPv6 OSPF Routing 

G. IPv4 layer 3 security 

Answer:

Explanation: 

On R1, we need to permit IP 209.65.200.222/30 under the access list. 


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